All posts by Matt Landfair

Active Law Enforcement background since before the turn of the century in the middle of no where. Firearms instructor, armorer, hangs out at DARC, has attended numerous training courses including DARC, Follow Through Consulting, EAG, TMacs, and more boring mandatory popo training you can shake a stick at. He has written for RECOIL Magazine, Breach Bang Clear, Soldier Systems Daily and Monderno. Enjoys long walks on the beach, blah blah blah… Known as Matt Prime or Riafdnal in some circles. Matt@primaryandsecondary.com

Evolutions In Outfitting The Modern Police Officer

I have worked within law enforcement (LE) since the last century. I  have worked with leadership that recognized the importance of officer safety and enacted proactive polices which maximized police effectiveness through modern equipment and training.  Currently, police officers do everything from teaching classes in elementary schools to direct combat with terrorist forces.  As a school resource officer, I taught several D.A.R.E. (Drug Awareness Resistance Education) classes a day at the local elementary schools and still responded to all types of incidents.  Our officers have ever changing job duties as well as high expectations from the public.  In order to more safely and effectively conduct their duties, upgrading equipment and uniforms to a more versatile and functional condition will help with officer and public safety. Police departments are funded by the cities the serve.  Outfitting and updating police a department is expensive.  There are federal programs that allow the use of used military equipment for police work.  Equipment offered with these federal programs included at one time: weapons, armored vehicles, non-armored vehicles, night vision, generators, vehicle parts, combat uniforms- nearly everything. Some items require fees to be paid, some items are free.  All of these items are on loan from

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“The Best Gun Is The One You Have”

After reading many discussions on social media, specifically ones centered on firearms, I have found one phrase that people drop out of context frequently. This phrase usually is in a discussion where someone is defending a poor choice and trying to make someone else feel better about their poor choice. Let's discuss the copout of "The best gun is the one you have." Apply this concept to different circumstances - preparedness and food storage. A recent natural disaster has closed off transportation to your area. Roadways aren't expected to be opened back up for a week. You haven't prepared properly so you have a quarter bag of dog food and some leftovers... the best food storage is the food storage you have. Spending a couple dollars more at the grocery store on some canned food for storage is considered preparedness. Apply this concept to acquiring better choices in firearms - save a little more money weekly. I often hear the excuse that people can't afford a more suitable gun - buying a subpar option instead is taking resources away from this viable option. Cutting back on a habit in order to save a little more for a better solution ultimately

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Brand Loyalty, Bias, and Being Dumb 

Brand loyalty is a strong influence on people’s attempt to find the best option. Ford vs Chevy, Coke vs Pepsi, we all have our preferences. Is it safe to blindly rely on our loyalties with our choices in guns, gear, and training? Is it wise to consider a piece of gear without knowing other (possibly better) options available? My gun/gear purchases are work related. I don’t bother with cheap options. I have that bin of crappy holsters, AR15 accessories, and cheap optics from over a decade ago. I have learned inexpensive usually means not for work use. I am one who believes you get what you pay for after a few bin related issues. Serious use items need greater scrutiny. A blind assumption that a specific brand will always provide the optimal option is a wrong assumption. I have used Glocks for years without issue. I just bought a new G34 for duty use, but I won’t buy a G43. G34’s have had great reviews, Glocks in general are an outstanding option – G43s seem to still need some proving. I am not going to make the blind purchase based on my previous experience with Glock. (I did buy a

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Real Threats To Our 2nd Amendment

We don't do political posts on Primary & Secondary. In case anyone wonders, we are extremely Pro 2nd Amendment. A majority of the staff are current or former Military and Law Enforcement. Of those staff members who did not serve in an official capacity, they serve our communities with helping, educating, and being examples of productive gun owners and gun wearers. There are a lot of wasted efforts in the gun world, especially within gun enthusiast organizations. A lot of posturing and a lot of people drawing imaginary lines in the sand against an enemy that isn't as overt as they claim. Our immediate enemy isn't the federal government or gun grabbers, our enemy is bad info being spread by gun enthusiasts. Ignorant pro-gun groups are preparing for a physical revolt while our rights are being attacked on their watch under their noses. Laugh at California and tell the gun owners from there to move, it is just a matter of time before your state is affected. They could have done something but instead, people decided to play dress up and pretend to prepare for war or argue about stupid emotional ties to obscure weapons. Our rights are in danger -

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Radical Firearms/Primary & Secondary

After hearing from our reviewer Shockey that Radical Firearms had visited his place of employment I felt it necessary to inform our readers as to why our review stopped. My understanding was a company was attempting to exert their influence to alter the outcome of our review. Looking at the from our limited and one-sided perspective this was our only logical conclusion. Like with most things, there is my side, your side, and the truth somewhere in between. P&S reported too quickly before knowing both sides of the story and didn't realize the reputation of both organizations could be harmed. To take this further, we advise people to contact the manufacturer if they encounter issues. I didn't do that. Had I done that, this would not have been an issue. After discussing both sides of the incident, Radical Firearms and Primary & Secondary forensically reconstructed the event including information from both sides to create one complete experience. So put your torches and pitchforks away and sit down by the fire for a more complete retelling of what had occurred. I can skip to the moral of the story here: it is amazing what is resolved when mature adults discuss their

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“Candid and Unbiased”

Primary & Secondary was founded with the purpose of providing current and accurate information to people that need it. Based on our mission this write up is necessary to provide the following information in regards to a company that requested a review be conducted by our staff and the interaction afterwards. On January 05, 2016, I received an Email from the Marketing Department of Radical Firearms to see if Primary & Secondary would be willing to conduct a review of one of their rifles. The representative of Radical included in the email: “We ask only for candid and unbiased feedback from you.” A few months later a member of the Primary & Secondary Staff set up a test which included a rifle received from them directly. He was doing this review entirely for Primary & Secondary and not his primary employer. Our Staff member noticed some issues and contacted Radical to report them. He provided some insight to the issues within one of the P&S discussion groups on Facebook. The issues were in regards to  manufacturing and quality assurance / quality control. Radical contacted the P&S Staff member and explained they didn’t feel the weapon being reviewed was up to

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Trends You Can Influence

The state of the gun industry rant: ON. Right now large gun industry entities are promoting and providing an outlet for non-rates (who probably should be classified as hobbyists) to shine and get undeserved attention. This provides a very negative effect on us as consumers. There are potential long term effects from the bad info these people share. Many of these Instagram/YouTube famous people are providing our community with wrong info and inaccurate insights. This is causing a snowball effect making impressionable people who have no business discussing insights with firearms think their voice too should be heard as a voice of authority. There is nothing wrong with entertainment, just don't confuse it with real sources of proven information. Remember how people compared all of the new training companies to McDojos years ago? Social media is the new place to gain clout and success through shares, hits, and views but not actual hard work and experience. Side affects include: -Special snowflakes that think their inexperienced opinion matters. -YouTube channels that are wastes of time. -Overabundance of Gun Bunnies. The worst part, the consumers of this drivel don't know any better and accept it all as fact. This is why we have

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“MIl-Spec” – The Minimum Standard For Quality

"Milspec" is a sales buzzword that provides a loose definition of the minimum standard of quality for a specific dependable combat weapon. There are several brands that say they are milspec and are not even close to that minimum level of acceptable quality. If you are buying a weapon for fun or for just plinking, anything will do. If your weapon is for work, home or self defense- you should look more closely at the options you are considering. If a brand is providing weapons that don't feature these examples they aren't meeting "milspec": -milspec receiver extensions versus commercial -1/7 twist -5.56 chambers -auto bolt carrier group -staked gas key and castle nut Those are just some simple examples that are easily checked. The combination of 1/7 twist and 5.56 chambers are set for specific types of military grade ammunition (m855 and m193 for example). If you plan on shooting light weight ammunition, 1/9 twist works fine. 1/8 provides a well rounded performance for various projectiles. Medium and longer/heavier projectiles work well with 1/7 twist. A "milspec" carbine would use a carbine length gas system. Most people that know better prefer a midlength gas system in a carbine. To make

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Lessons Learned As An Instructor

One of the biggest things I learned as a firearms instructor which took years of focus and near 360 degrees of observation of the student – the ability to assess whether there is a learning opportunity versus a teaching moment. Basically it is the ability to observe an issue and exploit it by weighing the situation and potential outcomes for the greatest benefit for the class and individual student. The core of this ability is knowing the subject matter inside and out and the ability to read your students. It’s easy to teach a firearms or a tactics course if you have a basic understanding of the material. Applying the material to drills and exercises can be a little more difficult but nothing overly hard. Though, easy and effective aren’t mutually exclusive. Having attended courses taught by the entire scale from bad to great instructors. I have seen firsthand examples of what works and what doesn’t as far as teaching is concerned. If we look at the two extremes of firearms/tactics instruction we can get a better feel for where we should fit. 1. Heavy instruction with little practical exercise. Students have an overwhelming amount of information to process and

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Why Primary & Secondary

Before microwaves we used ovens. Before cell phones we use payphones. Before the internet we used libraries (and we actually had to talk to people). Nowadays we get what we want NOW! Unfortunately, if we blindly go to the internet intending to find truth, we will most likely not find it on our first search.  Finding information on the internet needs some scrutiny and frames of reference to find accurate information and, more importantly, accurate sources. Forums can be a great source of information on guns and gear. I was lucky to find Lightfighter.net before I made too many bad decisions with my money. Fast forward to today and social media (mainly Facebook) has a ton of gun groups. Which ones provide accurate info? Which ones have less bad information from inexperienced enthusiasts to sift through? Not all social media gun groups are made and operated the same. When looking over your options consider their mission. Most groups are without focus and are just enthusiasts – this provides a fun atmosphere for relaxed discussions about guns. Some groups are fan clubs for public figures and social media personalities and allow fans to interact with the celebrity and get further insight regarding his or

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