Welcome to Primary & Secondary

Pro Guns, Gear, Tactics, Training, & Discussion

Ideas & Concepts,

How to Select More Proven and Supported Options

I have a bit of advice. If you are looking for a reliable/dependable option for defensive purposes, look at the options that are in use with people who legitimately train frequently. A more simple means of finding suitable options is to see what is issued in law enforcement on a large scale. Going with the… read more »

Lawful Use of Force is Deescalation.

The use of lawful and appropriate force by law enforcement is deescalation. Deescalation is a buzzword in popular social circles and the media. It’s over dramatized portrayal as the magical solution to most issues has socially morphed it into something it is not. People demand deescalation training for cops without knowing what deescalation actually is…. read more »

Minimal Versus Optimal

Where does the thought that a concealed defensive weapon should be small, no optic, no light, and will only be fired using point shooting in three rounds, in three seconds, at three yards come from? It seems people let convenience and comfort dictate, thus making their carry firearm a magic talisman to ward off evil…. read more »

Initial Personal Investments in Self Defense

When it comes to the reality of deadly force application, there is a lot of misinformation pushed by emotional appeals. This isn’t about “works for me” or someone’s “freedom to choose”- this is about the gravity of making good versus bad decisions. These decisions start with our investments. Investments in weapons, supporting equipment, and most… read more »

Not all Instructors are Equal

Be cautious with whom you take courses from. General law enforcement and/or military experience does not make someone an instructor. Being a high level competitor does not make someone an instructor. NRA courses check a box for some organizations but does not make someone an instructor. …but they have a cert that says instructor… if… read more »

EDC Snakeoil

Commercially available defensive duty caliber pistol ammunition designed to defeat soft armor (NiJ IIIa) is a gimmick. 1 – Does the ammunition perform at the same level as HST or Gold Dot on non-armored targets? No. 2 – Does the ammunition perform at the level of HST or Gold Dot after penetrating soft armor? No… read more »

TLDR: Read/Listen to Understand.

After over twenty years of working as a cop, thousands of hours in training, interacting with people regarding firearms for longer, and being surrounded by all levels of knowledge on the internet – from old school forums to Facebook for almost twenty years, these are observations I have made which all the above have some… read more »

P&S Training Summit Assessment

I am personally looking forward to the 2021 P&S Training Summit this year. I wanted to explain why I am excited to be back again and why you might want to be there too. I understand that the ammunition availability situation right now is not ideal for many people.  For me, that is almost irrelevant for this event.  Sure, there are many… read more »

AAR: Sentinel Concepts Practical Shotgun

Sentinel Concepts Practical Shotgun6/6/2021Culpepper, VA Instructor: Steve Fisher Class Outline: “An entry level course where students are familiarized with their shotguns” Intro: I have taken several firearms classes from nearly as many instructors, but this is my first real shotgun training class.  I went in with an open mind, a good quality shotgun, full hydration,… read more »

Invest In Yourself Before Investing In More Stuff

We drive every day but that doesn’t mean we should be racing in the Indy 500. Consider the level of training and experience the average driver on the road has compared to paid drivers who compete in professional races. Who would you trust more to put in a formula one car and win a high… read more »


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