Welcome to Primary & Secondary

Pro Guns, Gear, Tactics, Training, & Discussion

Ideas & Concepts,

Justification For Carrying A Firearm

What about humans has changed in the last one thousand years? Has there been a physiological change? Has our core behavior as a species changed? Have we established a Utopia? Do we still have social classes with an untouchable politician/celebrity/royalty class and a working class/peasants? Do we still have animals who look human but do… read more »

Training Toward a More Complete Skillset

We regularly emphasize the importance of training, but we don’t point out enough that training itself doesn’t provide all the answers. Training can provide a frame of reference, a technique, a better method, or means of doing a process, but most generic training does not provide a complete solution to a problem. Problems are rarely… read more »

On School Resource Officers

As I circulate through our profession, I have developed a general impression of the School Resource Officer (SRO) programs we as a community have developed and allowed to exist since 1999. First, some context. I am not an SRO expert. My specialization is not School policing; I am a tactical patrol officer, leadership and SWAT… read more »

Active Shooter, Law Enforcement, and Citizen

This is not a discussion of the tragic event in Texas. This is a generic overview discussion about active shooter incidents, the every day carry citizen, and how it relates to law enforcement response- a rational and non-emotional discussion from 10,000 feet. Hopefully this provides context to what people see and why it occurs. Public… read more »

Addressing Violence

It’s time to hold people accountable for their actions and not the innocent law abiding citizens who have not done wrong. We have three main sources of violence: -Criminal action -Political/religious extremist action -Mental illness which creates violent/aggressive behavior We have laws covering about every issue imaginable. More laws don’t stop criminals from breaking the… read more »

Duty Caliber Pistol Performance

When I was young and eager to learn everything gun related, I had believed defensive pistol ammo had to be some form of hollow point to be effective. The more I learned what duty and sub pistol calibers did, the more I understood how other options fit the defensive paradigm. Let’s first establish what we… read more »

Multi-tiered Assessments to Choose the Right Weapon

According to me, there are a couple assessments to make when choosing a defensive option. Everything pictured is a viable option depending on task when fed the right ammo. The combination of weapon and right ammo meets the FBI calibrated ballistic gel testing. Assessment #1 – Destination.Where are you going and where are you traveling… read more »

A No Knock Editorial

No knock warrants are an interesting animal. In my opinion, they are valid and applicable in only extreme situations where people’s (citizens not responding cops) lives are potentially in danger. Rescuing dope is not a valid use of no knocks. Does this mean all prior no knocks have been good actions free of Constitutional violations?… read more »

How to Select More Proven and Supported Options

I have a bit of advice. If you are looking for a reliable/dependable option for defensive purposes, look at the options that are in use with people who legitimately train frequently. A more simple means of finding suitable options is to see what is issued in law enforcement on a large scale. Going with the… read more »

Lawful Use of Force is Deescalation.

The use of lawful and appropriate force by law enforcement is deescalation. Deescalation is a buzzword in popular social circles and the media. It’s over dramatized portrayal as the magical solution to most issues has socially morphed it into something it is not. People demand deescalation training for cops without knowing what deescalation actually is…. read more »


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