Malfunctions with the Primary Weapon

After a long hiatus due to setting up the 82nd Airborne Division Enduring range, we are back to regular posts. We are continuing our discussion on Control. Specifically, we will continue our discussion on malfunctions as we address when in the cycle of function immediate action will correct the malfunction, and the rules of correcting a malfunction, which is a specific part of the shot process that was not addressed under the fundamentals. Our reference for this discussion is TC 3-22.9 Change 1, dated January 2017. To overcome the malfunction, the Paratrooper must first avoid over analyzing the issue. The Soldier must train to execute corrective actions immediately without hesitation or investigation during combat conditions. There are two general types of corrective action, they are: Immediate action – simple, rapid actions or motions taken by the Soldier to correct basic disruptions in the cycle of function of the weapon. Immediate action is taken when a malfunction occurs such that the trigger is squeezed and the hammer falls with an audible “click.” Remedial action – a skilled, technique that must be applied to a specific problem or issue with the weapon that will not be corrected by taking immediate action. Remedial

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Raymond Miller
82nd Airborne Division Small Arms Master Gunner: primary weapons trainer, force modernization for individual weapons, and range liason for the 82nd.

Five on Friday 3-17

This is a weekly feature blog post composed of a selection of items from around the web that I read this week; five links and a cool Instagram photo to grab attention. It's not all firearms or duty related. Some items are current events, some are industry news, some are technology. It's going to be all over the place with the only central theme being that I read it some time this week and found it interesting.
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Primary & Secondary
Primary & Secondary is a network created to discuss professional grade modern weapons and their applications with supporting equipment and skills.

Tomahawk Selection

I have had a few questions in regard to selecting a tomahawk for police work. I am no expert on 'Hawk construction but a few things to consider would be type of steel used. Tool steels like D2 are good, it is no secret that I love the American Kami stuff, DJ uses S7 which is used in high impact/shock applications like jack hammer bits. http://www.americankami.com/impact.html The second would be a full tang, meaning that it is made from a single piece of steel rather than having a head with a partial tang supported by a handle. Remember that you are going to be beating the piss out of this thing and it needs to hold up to the punishment. Handle material is also important so it should not be slippery and provide a solid gripping surface that fits the hand to prevent rolling and so forth. The shape is also important, I need a spike that is thin enough to fit most locks hasps so I can break them. I also need it think enough to withstand the prying and twisting that is required for doors. I bought an AK Micraxe prior to knowing that DJ also makes a

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Bill Blowers
Bill Blowers has been a police officer for over 20 years, prior to that he was in the US Army for six years. Bill is currently a Sergeant for a Municipal Agency in Washington State. He is assigned to his agencies training unit and is also a team leader on a large and active regional SWAT team. He has been assigned to SWAT since 1995 and has held positions such as Sniper, Ballistic Shield Carrier, Entry Team Member, and Assistant Team Leader. He has planned, or participated in, over 1000 missions and has in excess of 5000 documented training hours.

https://primaryandsecondary.com/psal/tap-rack-tactical/

Five on Friday 2-17

This is a weekly feature blog post composed of a selection of items from around the web that I read this week; five links and a cool Instagram photo to grab attention. It's not all firearms or duty related. Some items are current events, some are industry news, some are technology. It's going to be all over the place with the only central theme being that I read it some time this week and found it interesting.
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Primary & Secondary
Primary & Secondary is a network created to discuss professional grade modern weapons and their applications with supporting equipment and skills.

The Gun Elitist Debate

There are some who will argue pure price point in both the excessively cheap and unnecessarily high extremes when it comes to guns and gear. Some are brand oriented and brand loyal - for whatever reason. My XXX Brand has never had a failure (because it gets a magazine shot through it once maybe twice a year). Some people get angry when the term "duty" comes up in regards to a level of quality. The term professional gets turned away as well due to people not having a frame of reference as to what it really means. Here is some insight to the duty quality, professional use, gun snob, elitist debate - life dependant is the qualifier. Home defense, personal defense, duty, and SHTF all have one similar concept - life dependant on the weapon to work as needed and as expected. Not only does the weapon need to function reliably, it needs to be able to achieve an acceptable (if not greater) level of accuracy. If you choose a subpar option for the above situations, be aware you are taking a risk. Many (yes, many - not all) of those who have carried a gun for a living understand

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Matt Landfair
Lead Editor/Contributor at Primary & Secondary
Active Law Enforcement background since before the turn of the century in the middle of no where. Firearms instructor, armorer, hangs out at DARC, has attended numerous training courses including DARC, Follow Through Consulting, EAG, TMacs, and more boring mandatory popo training you can shake a stick at. He has written for RECOIL Magazine, Breach Bang Clear, Soldier Systems Daily and Monderno. Enjoys long walks on the beach, blah blah blah… Known as Matt Prime or Riafdnal in some circles.

Matt@primaryandsecondary.com

PSA for Buying Night Vision/Thermal Equipment

When buying 'new' gear, please take the time to find out some pertinent info: 1. Who is selling it and what is their role in the sale? 2. Who is building the equipment and what qualifications do they have? 3. What are the warranty and return terms? I was recently asked to check a pair of goggles over that had been purchased by an individual from a 'dealer'. The individual had some concerns with a few things and shipped them to me. Upon inspecting them I discovered several used parts, pieces missing (o-rings etc) and poor workmanship. The tubes performed terribly on my test set and I opened them up to discover a pair of Russian Gen 2 WP tubes (believed to be Ekran) and not the L3 WP Filmless that they were sold as. If anyone has any concerns regarding an item they have bought I would be happy to help and can walk through what 'red flags' to look for at ryan@nightlongind.com.
Ryan Hoover
Nine years Army Aviation Goggle Maintenance, CH-47 Flight Engineer with 600 hours of NVG Flight, Owner Nightlong Industries LLC, CAGE: 7PZ53

Five on Friday 1-17

This is a weekly feature blog post composed of a selection of items from around the web that I read this week; five links and a cool Instagram photo to grab attention. It's not all firearms or duty related. Some items are current events, some are industry news, some are technology. It's going to be all over the place with the only central theme being that I read it some time this week and found it interesting.
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Primary & Secondary
Primary & Secondary is a network created to discuss professional grade modern weapons and their applications with supporting equipment and skills.

Ballistic Helmets, Construction, Testing, and Ratings

So, after one of my gear reviews, I received so much feedback, I decided to clarify/expound. It seems most end users are merely consumers. They want to give you their want as they see it, and they expect you to point their nose at an easily affordable product without any real regard to their needs. This problem is compounded by the fact that unsavory companies will do just that…on the surface…while easily disconnecting said consumer from their money. The problem isn’t always on the behalf of the business. As with anything we purchase, we know that with quality comes monetary compensation, so where do we draw the line and how do we spot these companies? That is easy my friend, it is called education. For today’s entertainment, I will discuss ballistic helmets, how they are rated, and why some companies offer them at a different price break. We will also talk about the simple solution for finding a good helmet that won’t break the bank. First of all, I am no “expert.” I am mostly just experienced and educated. Having procured, tested, evaluated, and taken to combat many different systems, I have learned a lot through a few decades. While

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Guest Contributor
This contributor is a member of the Primary & Secondary Network.

Choosing a Protection Level for Rifle Plates

Armor 101… I tell customers that armor is one of the most confusing commodities in the defensive industry. Understanding the rating systems, the materials, and the capabilities associated with each is a must for one to make an educated armor choice. When selecting armor, start with the most likely threat that you may face (be realistic) and work from there. It is always a trade-off (protection, cost, durability, weight, thickness); just balance the capabilities to arrive at the best available solution for your requirement. RATINGS/LEVELS (Rifle Threats) Rifle Plates and Levels. NIJ is the rating that drives the armor train (for now). It is horribly outdated and does all of us a disservice. But NIJ is the only girl left in the bar and it is 2am...so it is what it is. So why is the NIJ rating system "out of date"? Well, the CONUS bad guys aren't shooting at us with 30.06 AP rounds for the most part. The current certification does not account for common threats such as 7.62x39, 5.56 (ball, M855, AP), or 7.62x54R. Rifle plates are rated to stop 6 hits of 7.62 ball (Level III) or 1 hit of .30cal Armor Piercing (Level IV). These

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Mike Martin
Enjoys tanks, armor, and other items that stop bullets.

http://store.atarmor.com/

Materials Used in Hard Armor

*Editor's note: NiJ ratings do not consider 5.56 in classifications. If something is rated level III it will stop .308 but not necessarily 5.56/.223. Currently there are four common options for Level III plates:  5-6 mm steel (AR500/R50c/AR46100) plates: Level III steel plates offer a very thin profile, but are a bit heavier (6.5-7.5 lbs for a 10x12 plate) than some other options. They are very durable and offer inexpensive multi-hit capability against even closely spaced non-AP 7.62 x 39 mm and 7.62 x 51 mm projectiles, as well as for heavier 5.56 mm loads, including 62 gr M855 “green-tip”. Unfortunately, many lightweight (55 gr or less) 5.56 mm loads will defeat steel plates, including the extremely common 55 gr FMJ loads like M193. It is a VERY good idea to wear level IIIa soft armor underneath steel plates. *Spall is a great safety concern. Hard compressed polyethelene (Dyneema/Spectra) plates: These are very lightweight (3-4 lbs for a 10 x 12 plate) multi- hit capable level III plates that will stop closely spaced hits of both the lightweight 5.56 mm ammo that defeats steel, along with the 7.62 mm threats stopped by steel, as well expanding rifle ammunition in many

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Primary & Secondary is a network created to discuss professional grade modern weapons and their applications with supporting equipment and skills.

Pro Guns, Gear, Tactics, Training & Discussion

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