Category Archives: Law Enforcement

Articles that focus on Law Enforcement.

Mission Planning For SWAT Teams

It is no surprise that a lot of SWAT teams use the Military five point operations order for mission planning. There are many similarities and SMEAC (Situation, Mission, Execution, Admin & Logistics, Command & Signal) is a great tool for planning to ensure nothing is overlooked or missed. However, I see that base model being used even when there is more than enough time to detail plan. In the following paragraphs I will detail each of those portions, and suggest some break out section that can be added to the format. Those things are usually contingencies, but we have to remember that the Ops plan serves the primary purpose of briefing a bunch of people what their individual and element functions are within the overall plan. In addition, it is a discoverable item and should stand on its own to show professionalism within the group. That document should make a jury say to themselves, “These dudes have their shit together.” SITUATION General overview of the call, but it should do so succinctly. Who – bad guys known to be present and associates information. Kids and No-PC adults should also be listed. Cops that will assist, SWAT, detectives that will come

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Weapon System Visual Signature Reduction aka “spray painting your rifle”

“(Camouflage) is the use of materials and techniques to hide, blend, disguise, decoy, or disrupt the appearance of military targets and/or their backgrounds” - Army ATTP 3-34.39, Camouflage, Concealment, and Decoys “Target indicators: anything a Soldier does or fails to do that could result in detection.” - Army FM 3-22.10, Sniper Training and Operations I’ll preface this article by stating that this is written with a duty/work gun in mind, for the servicemember or LEO that relies on the weapon they carry to bring them back home not only alive, but victorious over their enemy. As such, aesthetics are not only a non factor but something that must be purged from our collective brains. Function is the key here - there are plenty of places to get your rifle cerakoted with flaming skulls and other bullshit if that fits your fancy. Equally important is understanding that a sweet paint job does not mean your weapon is invisible - it is merely a base for a true system of camouflage that involves other techniques that are the topic for another day. Not fooling anybody Target indicators/improper camouflage: the down and dirty. Of the five types of target indicators, our focus here

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METT-TC – what does it actually entail?

By Tore Haugli This article describes how METT-TC is used in a military context when conducting mission planning. I will also provide some context as to how the entire order process works. I will limit the discussion to the platoon and the Troop Leading Procedures (TLP) used at the platoon level. METT-TC is also applied at the company level, during the Military Decision Making Process (MDMP). Before METT-TC is applied, some other steps have been taken. The first is that the Company Commander has issued his Operations Order (OPORD) to his platoon commanders. The OPORD is a standardized format that covers 5 points, each with it's own sub-points (not going to cover those here) : 1. Situation 2. Mission 3. Execution 4. Sustainment 5. Command and Control Upon receipt of the OPORD, the PL will issue a Warning Order (WARNO) to his squad leaders, so that they can start preparations while he conducts his mission analysis and prepares his OPORD. The WARNO covers the following points: 1. Situation 2. Mission 3. Time and place for orders meeting 4. Earliest time for departure 5. Special considerations 6. Reconnaissance *A WARNO can also be issued at the company level As the squad

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NINE PRINCIPALS OF WAR AND HOW THEY RELATE TO LE SWAT OPERATIONS

Credit is typically given to Clausewitz for the modern principals of war. I will attempt to break these down as they relate to LE SWAT missions. I did not invent them obviously, but I was exposed as a Sergeant in the Army and during my SWAT career by such prevalent experts as Sid Heal, and many others less known. Some of this will be regurgitating their thoughts since there is no need to re-write cogent and concise thinking. I honestly don't remember where the line blurs between others thoughts and where my own take over, but please suffice to say that I am a product of good training, leadership and good mentors. All credit here to good men that cared enough to pass on information. I apologize for length in advance. The military acronym used to help you pass a promotion exam is MOOSEMUSS. I often see one of two things when I say it, most often is a blank stare. LE leaders don't have a damn clue about the 9 principals. And in other cases, they spit forth with a "Sir sandwich" naming each letter, but there is very little understanding or thinking about application. Hopefully this will spark

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LE use of NVG for Warrant Service – One Cop’s opinion.

I have been a SWAT dude for over 20 years, during that time I have seen huge advances in tactics, techniques and procedures as well as gear and supporting equipment. Indeed, I tell new guys that I wish I was starting my SWAT career today versus being at the end of it. We have come a long way since Balaclavas, Command Jac vests with K30 plates and MP5’s. A big reason for this growth and increase in skill is directly related to the GWOT. America’s heroes in foreign lands have discovered that technology, when used correctly, is a force safety multiplier unlike anything else. This is particularly true of night vision capabilities and supporting gear. It is far past the time that domestic LE catch up. As I said earlier, I’ve been kicking in doors since 1995. Since NVG technology was nowhere near where it is today, and the cost was also extremely prohibitive, SWAT teams in America were simply conducting warrant service with flashlights when conditions were such that you had to see in the dark. Many different white light techniques and team tactics with white light have been developed and used over the years. During all that time,

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A Quick Guide To Fighting

As a cop there really are very few trained and disciplined crooks that can actually fight. All of them understand the street, talk shit while you move inside and then throw a haymaker followed up with monkey rage wild swings or kicks to the head if the haymaker connects. This has been my experience anyway, not just from personal fights but responding to people who have been beat up at the bus stop. So first order of business is don't let a dude get inside the range of his weapons. Maintain more range than normal cultural conversation distances. Two things are gonna happen, he's gonna throw that ugly ass overhand right or try to tackle you. So learn to see telegraphs and slip punches. Learn to stuff or sidestep the tackle. Both of these are best learned through a boxing program that includes sparring. I can fight orthodox or south paw, and I think feeling good from either is a force multiplier just like shooting support side. But get real good dominant side first, then incorporate the support side. Low line kicks are also something you want in the arsenal. Stop kicks and meat tenderizers to the knee and thigh

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Law Enforcement Case Law and What it Means for You

So after Bill Blowers and I discussed LE training on a ModCast recently, I got several questions regarding case law and how it applies to training and where liabilities exist - so rather than answer a couple people, I’m going to address those questions and issues in this article. This article will serve you especially well if you’re involved in the training world at all for LE and trying to advance training, but hitting some roadblocks with the administration. First and foremost, if you are in any kind of training capacity for LE, you need to become intimately familiar with the term “Deliberate Indifference”. You are not always going to get your way when it comes to training, but this term will serve you well in two ways. The first way is, when you shed light on the fact that deliberate indifference exists within the organization, admin folks take notice. Secondly, making a claim of deliberate indifference will often shift the liability from you when claims are made, especially if you have documentation (emails, denied requests, etc).  So, what the does Deliberate Indifference mean?....Glad you asked. Deliberate indifference is defined as requiring (1) an "awareness of facts from which the

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AAR – Vehicle Close Quarters Battle Instructor with William Petty

Class: Vehicle Close Quarters Battle (VCQB) Instructor Instructor: William Petty Location: 88 Tactical Lodge Tekamah, Nebraska March 29th to April 1st, 2016 *Most of the photos are from Mellor Photography and were provided to students for personal use*   Disclaimer: First off, to ensure everything is on the up and up, I received a compensated slot to attend this class. Second, I paid out of pocket for my airfare, rental car and ammunition to attend.   What is VCQB? It is the name of the curriculum that has stuck. It is close quarter’s engagements around vehicles – hence Vehicle Close Quarters Battle. Generally the term CQB has been applied to fighting inside a house, but Petty had to come up with a name and this is what he came up with. The program is specifically focused on Law Enforcement use. That said, if your life takes you around vehicles, you could apply some of the lessons learned.   Due to weather affecting my cross-country travel, I missed out on the morning and first half of the afternoon on training day one. As such I was unable to learn much about Petty’s BIO other than what he has posted on the

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Know your enemy – Law Enforcement Budget Pro-Tips

I am by no means an expert on police budgets. I have learned a thing or two that might be relevant to guys in my region only since most PD's seem to have the same general budgeting system. What follows is just some things that I have done to increase revenue so I can buy the men more training and better equipment. It is meant as a discussion so we can all improve on getting that salad. 1. If you dont know shit about how your Chief/Sheriff splits up the loot, learn it! You have to understand how the money is allocated if you are to be successful in getting it. A good way for this to happen is to ask command level officers to teach you about budget process so you can better prepare to be a LT/CPT/MAJ/Deputy Chief or whatever. You will be surprised how much you can garner and also make them your advocate. 2. Once you have a good grasp and you've made a new friend in the command ranks that is mentoring you to be just like them, ask them how THEY would go about getting money for the new Phase Plasma Rifles. They will

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