Category Archives: Law Enforcement

Articles that focus on Law Enforcement.

The Art of Tactics

The art of tactics consists of three interrelated aspects: the creative and flexible array of means to accomplish assigned missions, decision-making under conditions of uncertainty when faced with a thinking and adaptive enemy, and understanding the effects of combat on Soldiers. -ADRP 3-90   ADRP 3-90 Tactics are the most misunderstood, untrained and most dangerous part of the profession of arms. We see, particularly in our industry, the over use of the term tactical(as relating to tactics) but rarely are people discussing tactics in a real world context. I agree that tactics are not an open source discussion but even in the back alleys and vetted portions of the internet and closed door discussions it is rarely brought up. In the rare instance that is brought up, the wheels fall off quickly. There are simply not enough people proficient enough to talk them. This is true across military and law enforcement as well as the well-meaning citizen.  We do have several avenues to get training in tactics available but those classes always create chaos in the rank and file. The reason for that is not being able to maintain a high level of trained personnel and

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Why PMAGs Are Better Than Aluminum USGI Mags

This subject is currently at some higher levels and I put this together to give some end user perspective. I've been involved with PMAGs since almost the beginning and I have not found another magazine which meets my requirements or that I trust unequivocally, like the PMAG. The below is an attempt to describe why they are better, in a military environment and specifically with M855A1 SUBJECT: Increasing reliability of the M4/M16 Family of Weapons (FOW) when using M855A1 5.56mm ammunition through the use of Magpul Industries Polymer Magazine (PMAG) GEN M3 1) Purpose: Provide first hand experience and benefits of issuing the Magpul PMAG compared to currently issued aluminum magazines 2) Summary: M4/M16 magazines rely on correct feed lip geometry (angle) to feed cartridges reliably. Reliability is reduced with M885A1 ammunition in all generations of aluminum magazines, to include the latest government issued tan or blue follower aluminum magazines, based on bullet shape and exposed penetrator tip. The Magpul PMAG is the only magazine which maintains correct geometry and has been shown to increase reliability with M855A1. Recent Marine Corps tests confirm this. Most telling is that the PMAG is the #1 piece of equipment that Soldiers will spend

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Terror, Violence, and The Modern Police Officer

The war on terror sparked on September 11th, 2001. When the U.S. was attacked on its own soil it opened eyes of police forces to upgrade equipment prior to becoming a liability to save lives of citizens and LE in an armed conflict.  The public expects law enforcement to intercede in armed conflicts and stop the threat. Typically, police are not the most popular of the public servants – except when needed to stop a violent threat.  Similarly to the military during peacetime, the public does not seem to think police departments need such equipment until a crisis occurs.  After the crisis is handled, the public quickly forgets the needs of the police.  Police are a part of government that is often criticized.  Civilian speculation plays a major part of criticism of the police.  An objective analysis of a police department is necessary to determine its needs. However, trusting the same public that does not have an understanding of use of force and realistic measures to neutralize a threat to determine the needs of a police department is a dangerous precedent.   Public expectation (that lack of understanding again) versus realistic results needs to be considered during an analysis. The terror

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The burden of adult based learning in an Alpha world: A tale of willing ignorance.

In modern law enforcement we are forced to train to the lowest common denominator. Blame it on budget, admin’s general disregard for line staff, or rainbow farting unicorns, the reality is the same. The dirty little secret in law enforcement is that agencies train their people to statutory and case-law based minimum standards; hell most agencies don’t even have PT standards anymore. Here’s the kicker, the reality is that money and admin are just convenient scapegoats. The real reason Cops don’t get better training can be traced right back to the very line staff that most like to bitch, moan and point fingers at the bosses. That’s right I’m saying we’ve done this to ourselves. I’ve been involved in my agency’s range training program for several years now. I’ve watched and worked with the entire gamut of shooters, from brand new recruits who’ve never held a gun, all the way to 30 year veterans who’d probably still run a wheelgun if we’d let them. What stands out to me is an interesting dichotomy: THE FNG’s: These guys and gals are so fresh and so motivated they think a traffic stop in a hurricane is the best thing since sliced bread.

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Sierra Tac 2 Point Adjustable Sling

I had this sling on a rifle from February 2016 to January 2017  as a T&E at request of the owner/designer. The Sierra Tac sling is similar to function with other 2 point adjustable slings on the market, except it has a adjustment slider that is made just for Sierra Tac. The adjuster is machined from a single billet of aluminum. Its made in America and sewn by Americans. https://www.instagram.com/p/BIu2vpbjcwA/?taken-by=sierratrainingllc To use the sling, you simply attach it at your preferred forward and reward placement (2” behind the gas block of a Carbine length gas system and outside rear stock is my preference). To adjust sling tension, you grasp the slider and move forward or backwards. While using the sling, I found that grabbing the whole slider mechanism makes it easier to loosen the sling. To tighten the sling, I grab the protruding part only. See below pictures for more detail on how. It adjusts very smoothly both in and out, a feature some 2 point slings do not have. The length of the sling is perfect for my use, both in a neck loop or in a over/under shoulder method. I can adjust the sling for wear over a

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Inforce WMLxIR review

I recently purchased a WMLxIR for use on a training/duty rifle. The rifle is used primarily for low light and night vision training. Having learned the hard way how difficult it is to operate under NVGS without proper IR illumination I was very excited to see a recently released and updated WMLxIR with better white light output. During a previous Night Vision course I had the opportunity to try a different generation of the WML IR and was impressed with the IR illumination especially for use in close quarters. The light seemed like it was the perfect balance of white light output and IR illum… There were, however, several glaring issues that made themselves crystal clear with actual implementation: First and perhaps the biggest issue is with the switch. Although the entire back of the light is theoretically the switch the reality is that to effectively activate the light you have to hit an impossibly small and off center part of the pad. The actual switch is a tactilely imperceptible nub under the rubberized pad that felt like it needed to be pushed in at exactly the right angle or it wouldn’t function. I moved the light no less than

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Pushing Your Capabilities

Pushing Your Capabilities Last spring now, I shot the randomized department qualification course at my old agency. This particular course of fire involved handguns from 3 yards moving back to 50 yards with no time limits. Accuracy standards were the entirety of a box the same size as the classic “Q” target. Ignoring the obvious issues with such a course, i.e. anywhere is a hit and no speed factor, lets focus on what I learned. I shot as fast as I could while maintaining what I accept as accuracy - think IPSC "A" zone. Sadly, I was done before the other officers were done firing and with a tighter group. Most times one would say this should be bragging rights or something to feel good about. Well I was feeling good when I left the work qualifications, and went to shoot on my own. https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLrRQ__gsOAs09EMBuYlJbFiz155LFz1_j First up for me was a list of Skill Drills from the Primary & Secondary Youtube channel. When I attempted to shoot the “Hateful Eight” drill, I realized that doing well at a lowest common denominator department qualification course of fire means nothing. It took me approximately 5 runs to get the course of fire completed

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Evolutions In Outfitting The Modern Police Officer

I have worked within law enforcement (LE) since the last century. I  have worked with leadership that recognized the importance of officer safety and enacted proactive polices which maximized police effectiveness through modern equipment and training.  Currently, police officers do everything from teaching classes in elementary schools to direct combat with terrorist forces.  As a school resource officer, I taught several D.A.R.E. (Drug Awareness Resistance Education) classes a day at the local elementary schools and still responded to all types of incidents.  Our officers have ever changing job duties as well as high expectations from the public.  In order to more safely and effectively conduct their duties, upgrading equipment and uniforms to a more versatile and functional condition will help with officer and public safety. Police departments are funded by the cities the serve.  Outfitting and updating police a department is expensive.  There are federal programs that allow the use of used military equipment for police work.  Equipment offered with these federal programs included at one time: weapons, armored vehicles, non-armored vehicles, night vision, generators, vehicle parts, combat uniforms- nearly everything. Some items require fees to be paid, some items are free.  All of these items are on loan from

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Knock & Announce

I was recently in a class where a discussion about “No knock” and “Knock & Announce” (K&A) warrant service was discussed. The context of the discussion was in relation to police use of night vision for warrant service. I have previously written an article with some thoughts and guidelines for NVG use by police, the discussion above transitioned to law in general. I have previously heard from other cops about what a “reasonable amount of time” is during the K&A procedure. The reality is that there is no defined time, officers must make that determination for themselves. The US Supreme court ruled as much in the case US V Banks. In that case officers testified that they waited 15-20 seconds for Banks to open the door. Banks was wanted for distribution of cocaine and the warrant was served at 1400 hours. Banks moved to suppress evidence citing that 15-20 seconds was insufficient since he was in the shower and did not hear officers knocking. Even if he had, the time was insufficient for him to exit the shower and robe himself to open the door. The court noted that the case turned on “the significance of exigency revealed by circumstances

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SWAT Team Leader Course & Vetting Entities…

I am teaching another Team Leader course in a few weeks. During the course of a year and with different topics being taught, I invariably get asked whether my course is “certified” by a specific entity. One of the reasons I started a training company was because I felt like a lot of courses that I attended were liability driven, or lacked depth or left me wanting more from an instructor who could not relate what he was teaching to a specific example or callout. Whether or not a course is “certified”, does not mean it is good or bad. But the question is odd, since Tap-Rack Tactical, LLC is the only entity responsible for its course content. How can another entity certify it? Even POST certification doesn’t mean much since the person reviewing the course material may or may not know anything about the topic. Did they certify spelling and grammar on the PowerPoint, or the actual material? In the case of my team leader course, did a team leader with equal or greater experience than me review it? And even if they did, they haven’t sat through the class. The PowerPoint is designed to keep me on track

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